|Top Technology News -- ScienceDaily
Tue, 21 Feb 2017 06:54:02 EST
Using statistics ethically to combat 'a scientific credibility crisis'
Sun, 19 Feb 2017 16:51:47 EST
Can statistics increase the value of science to society?
Examining exploding stars through the atomic nucleus
Sun, 19 Feb 2017 16:51:24 EST
Imagine being able to view microscopic aspects of a classical nova, a massive stellar explosion on the surface of a white dwarf star (about as big as Earth), in a laboratory rather than from afar via a telescope. Cosmic detonations of this scale and larger created many of the atoms in our bodies. A safe way to study these events in laboratories on Earth is to investigate the exotic nuclei or 'rare isotopes' that influence them.
How to build a bio-bot: Researchers share design and development of biological machines
Sun, 19 Feb 2017 16:51:18 EST
Creating tiny muscle-powered robots that can walk or swim by themselves -- or better yet, when prompted -- is more complicated than it looks.
Historic detection of gravitational waves
Sun, 19 Feb 2017 16:51:16 EST
A scientist who has been involved with nearly every aspect of the development and ultimate success of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO), will give a talk about the project's historic detection of gravitational waves.
There and back again: Catalyst mediates energy-efficient proton transport for reversibility
Fri, 17 Feb 2017 16:24:31 EST
A complex with a proton pathway and stabilized by outer coordination sphere interactions is reversible for hydrogen production/oxidation at room temperature and pressure, researchers have found.
Designing new materials from 'small' data
Fri, 17 Feb 2017 16:10:08 EST
Researchers have developed a novel workflow combining machine learning and density functional theory calculations to create design guidelines for new materials that exhibit useful electronic properties, such as ferroelectricity and piezoelectricity.
Efficient power converter for internet of things
Fri, 17 Feb 2017 16:10:03 EST
Researchers have presented a new power converter that maintains its efficiency at currents ranging from 500 picoamps to 1 milliamp, a span that encompasses a 200,000-fold increase in current levels.
Developing a catalytic conveyor belt
Fri, 17 Feb 2017 16:10:00 EST
Capitalizing on previous studies in self-powered chemo-mechanical movement, researchers have developed a novel method of transporting particles that utilizes chemical reactions to drive fluid flow within microfluidic devices.
Hubble spotlights a celestial sidekick
Fri, 17 Feb 2017 16:09:48 EST
Technically, this picture is merely a sidekick of the actual object of interest -- but space is bursting with activity, and this field of bright celestial bodies offers plenty of interest on its own.
Looking for the next leap in rechargeable batteries
Fri, 17 Feb 2017 16:09:42 EST
Researchers may have just found a solution for one of the biggest stumbling blocks to the next wave of rechargeable batteries -- small enough for cellphones and powerful enough for cars.
System automatically detects cracks in nuclear power plants
Fri, 17 Feb 2017 16:09:34 EST
A new automated system detects cracks in the steel components of nuclear power plants and has been shown to be more accurate than other automated systems.
Digital fabrication in architecture
Fri, 17 Feb 2017 16:09:31 EST
Society faces enormous challenges in constructing high-quality, future-oriented built environments. Construction sites today look much like the building sites did at the beginning of the 20th century. Current research on digital fabrication in architecture indicates that the development and integration of innovative digital technologies within architectural and construction processes could transform the building industry -- on the verge of a building industry 4.0. Digital technologies in architecture and construction could increase productivity creating new jobs.
Researchers use big-brother tech to spy on bumblebees
Fri, 17 Feb 2017 16:09:28 EST
RFID chips like the ones used to protect merchandise from shoplifting reveal surprising clues about life in a bumblebee colony, say investigators.
Alien particles from outer space are wreaking low-grade havoc on personal electronic devices
Fri, 17 Feb 2017 10:03:27 EST
Alien subatomic particles raining down from outer space are wreaking low-grade havoc on your smartphones, computers and other personal electronic devices, say researchers.
Researchers design facial recognition system as less invasive way to track lemurs in wild
Fri, 17 Feb 2017 10:00:08 EST
A team of researchers has developed a new computer-assisted recognition system that can identify individual lemurs in the wild by their facial characteristics and ultimately help to build a database for long-term research on lemur species.
Six-legged robots faster than nature-inspired gait
Fri, 17 Feb 2017 10:00:01 EST
Researchers have discovered a faster and more efficient gait, never observed in nature, for six-legged robots walking on flat ground. Bio-inspired gaits -- less efficient for robots -- are used by real insects since they have adhesive pads to walk in three dimensions. The results provide novel approaches for roboticists and new information to biologists.
Fri, 17 Feb 2017 09:59:57 EST
A gold catalyst can be delivered to a target organ in a higher organism where it performs a chemical transformation visualized by bioimaging. This intriguing approach could make organometallic catalysis applicable for therapy or diagnostics.
Biocompatible 3-D tracking system has potential to improve robot-assisted surgery
Fri, 17 Feb 2017 09:59:50 EST
The cutting-edge biocompatible near-infrared 3-D tracking system used to guide the suturing in the first smart tissue autonomous robot (STAR) surgery has the potential to improve manual and robot-assisted surgery and interventions through unobstructed 3-D visibility and enhanced accuracy, according to a new study.
Big improvement to brain-computer interface
Fri, 17 Feb 2017 09:59:43 EST
Researchers have developed an improved type of electrode that is more durable, lasts longer in the body and transmits a clearer, more robust signal than electrodes made from current state-of-the-art materials. This could allow for improved restoration of mobility after spinal cord accidents, as well as improved powered prosthetic limbs.
Liquid metal nano printing set to revolutionize electronics
Fri, 17 Feb 2017 09:59:22 EST
A new technique uses liquid metals to create large wafers around 1.5 nanometres in depth to produce integrated circuits, report scientists in a new report.
DNA computer brings 'intelligent drugs' a step closer
Fri, 17 Feb 2017 09:59:19 EST
Researchers present a new method that should enable controlled drug delivery into the bloodstream using DNA computers. The team developed the first DNA computer capable of detecting several antibodies in the blood and performing subsequent calculations based on this input. This is an important step towards the development of smart, 'intelligent' drugs that may allow better control of medication with fewer side-effects and at lower cost.
Quest for climate-friendly refrigerants finds complicated choices
Fri, 17 Feb 2017 09:59:16 EST
Researchers have just completed a multiyear study to identify the 'best' candidates for future use as air conditioning refrigerants that will have the lowest impact on the climate.
Minor planet named Bernard
Fri, 17 Feb 2017 09:59:07 EST
A minor planet in the Solar System will officially be known as Bernardbowen from today after Australian citizen science project theSkyNet won a competition to name the celestial body.
Molecular phenomenon discovered by advanced NMR facility
Fri, 17 Feb 2017 09:59:00 EST
Cutting edge technology has shown a molecule self-assembling into different forms when passing between solution state to solid state, and back again -- a curious phenomenon in science.
Breakthrough with a chain of gold atoms in understanding heat transport
Fri, 17 Feb 2017 09:58:54 EST
The precise control of electron transport in microelectronics makes complex logic circuits possible that are in daily use in smartphones and laptops.
Researchers replicate nature's ability to reflect light to develop innovative materials
Fri, 17 Feb 2017 09:58:48 EST
An innovative new technique has been developed to mimic one of nature's greatest achievements -- natural structural color.
Protein structure solved from smallest crystals yet
Fri, 17 Feb 2017 01:30:42 EST
An international team of scientists used an X-ray laser to determine the structure of an insect virus’s crystalline protein “cocoon.”
Online-only pharmacies that don't require prescriptions could be helping to fuel antibiotic resistance, finds study
Fri, 17 Feb 2017 01:27:50 EST
Antibiotics are illegally available without prescription on 45 per cent of online pharmacy websites surveyed, scientists have found.
Radial acceleration relation found in all common types of galaxies
Fri, 17 Feb 2017 01:25:02 EST
The distribution of normal matter precisely determines gravitational acceleration in all common types of galaxies, a team of researchers reports. This provides further support that the relation is tantamount to a new natural law, the researchers say.
'Lossless' metamaterial could boost efficiency of lasers and other light-based devices
Fri, 17 Feb 2017 01:24:39 EST
Engineers have developed a material that could reduce signal losses in photonic devices. The advance has the potential to boost the efficiency of various light-based technologies including fiber optic communication systems, lasers and photovoltaics.
Geology of Ceres illuminates origin of organics
Thu, 16 Feb 2017 14:40:33 EST
NASA's Dawn spacecraft recently detected organic-rich areas on Ceres. Scientists evaluated the geology of the regions to conclude that the organics are most likely native to the dwarf planet. Data from the spacecraft suggest that the interior of Ceres is the source of these organic materials, as opposed to arriving via impacting asteroids or comets, according to a new article.
Printable solar cells just got a little closer
Thu, 16 Feb 2017 14:28:00 EST
A new innovation could make printing solar cells as easy and inexpensive as printing a newspaper. Researchers have cleared a critical manufacturing hurdle in the development of a relatively new class of solar devices called perovskite solar cells. This alternative solar technology could lead to low-cost, printable solar panels capable of turning nearly any surface into a power generator.
Four-stroke engine cycle produces hydrogen from methane, captures carbon dioxide
Thu, 16 Feb 2017 13:04:10 EST
When is an internal combustion engine not an internal combustion engine? When it's been transformed into a modular reforming reactor that could make hydrogen available to power fuel cells wherever there's a natural gas supply available.
Method to predict surface ozone pollution levels provides 48-hour heads-up
Thu, 16 Feb 2017 13:03:32 EST
A novel air quality model will help air quality forecasters predict surface ozone levels up to 48-hours in advance and with fewer resources, according to a team of meteorologists.
Real-time MRI analysis powered by supercomputers
Thu, 16 Feb 2017 13:03:19 EST
Researchers have developed a new, automated platform capable of returning in-depth analyses of MRI scans in a matter of minutes, rather than hours or days. The system has the potential to minimize patient callbacks, save millions annually, and advance precision medicine.
Planeterrella recreates Earth's vivid lightshows in miniature
Thu, 16 Feb 2017 11:08:20 EST
A new device has been built to recreate Earth's auroras and other space phenomena in miniature. The planeterrella is one of just a handful in the United States.
Fish affected by Deepwater Horizon spill give clues to air pollution heart disease
Thu, 16 Feb 2017 10:56:41 EST
A study into the effects on fish of a 2010 oil disaster could shed new light on how air pollution affects humans' hearts, report scientists.
Social exclusion in virtual realities has a negative social and emotional impact in 'real' life
Thu, 16 Feb 2017 10:55:20 EST
In this age of highly realistic computer games and increasingly popular social networks, social exclusion in virtual worlds is becoming more and more socially significant, as is demonstrated by the growing number of "cyber mobbing" cases. However, up until now, very little research has been carried out into the impact of social exclusion in the digital world upon real-life social behavior, and hardly any that addresses the latest developments such as Virtual Reality (VR) glasses. A study has now shown that exclusion from a virtual group has a significant negative impact upon willingness to help and social distance in the real world.
New, ultra-flexible probes form reliable, scar-free integration with the brain
Thu, 16 Feb 2017 10:40:17 EST
Ultra-flexible, nanoelectronic thread (NET) brain probes have been designed that can achieve more reliable long-term neural recording than existing probes and don't elicit scar formation when implanted. These smaller-than-a-capillary-sized probes could provide the reliable brain interface needed to control prosthetics, or follow the progression of neurodegenerative diseases.
Physicists harness neglected properties of light: Tech could increase resolution of microscopes and telescopes
Thu, 16 Feb 2017 10:39:51 EST
Researchers have demonstrated a way to increase the resolution of microscopes and telescopes beyond long-accepted limitations by tapping into previously neglected properties of light. The method allows observers to distinguish very small or distant objects that are so close together they normally meld into a single blur.
Breakthrough in 'wonder' materials paves way for flexible tech
Thu, 16 Feb 2017 10:38:48 EST
Gadgets are set to become flexible, highly efficient and much smaller, following a breakthrough in measuring two-dimensional 'wonder' materials, report investigators.
New method uses heat flow to levitate variety of objects
Thu, 16 Feb 2017 09:45:32 EST
Scientists have demonstrated how to levitate a variety of objects -- ceramic and polyethylene spheres, glass bubbles, ice particles, lint strands and thistle seeds -- between a warm plate and a cold plate in a vacuum chamber.
Research opens door to smaller, cheaper, more agile communications tech
Thu, 16 Feb 2017 09:45:29 EST
Research on the use of magnets to steer light has opened the door to new communications systems which could be smaller, cheaper and more agile than fiber optics.
Ultrafast camera for self-driving vehicles and drones invented
Thu, 16 Feb 2017 09:45:20 EST
An ultrafast high-contrast camera has been developed that could help self-driving cars and drones see better in extreme road conditions and in bad weather. Unlike typical optical cameras, which can be blinded by bright light and unable to make out details in the dark, this new smart camera can record the slightest movements and objects in real time.
Wireless power transmission safely charges devices anywhere within a room
Thu, 16 Feb 2017 09:45:17 EST
A new method developed by Disney Research for wirelessly transmitting power throughout a room enables users to charge electronic devices as seamlessly as they now connect to WiFi hotspots, eliminating the need for electrical cords or charging cradles.
Sensors embedded in sports equipment could provide real-time analytics to your smartphone
Thu, 16 Feb 2017 09:45:06 EST
In an effort to make big data analytics more accessible for the sports industry, researchers have utilized IoT devices -- low-cost sensors and radios -- that can be embedded into sports equipment (e.g., balls, rackets, and shoes), as well as in wearable devices.
Study associates proximity to oil and gas development and childhood leukemia
Wed, 15 Feb 2017 14:59:40 EST
Young Coloradans diagnosed with acute lymphocytic leukemia are more likely to live in areas of high-density oil and gas development compared to young Coloradans diagnosed with other types of cancer, according to researchers.
3-D printed 'eagle eye' camera mimics sharp vision of predators
Wed, 15 Feb 2017 14:59:14 EST
A new study presents a miniaturized camera inspired by the natural vision of predators such as eagles that captures images with a high central acuity.
How to roll a nanotube: Demystifying carbon nanotubes' structure control
Wed, 15 Feb 2017 13:15:54 EST
A key advancement in the design of high performance carbon-based electronics has been made by scientists, outlines a new report.
Microscope shrunk to dime-sized device
Wed, 15 Feb 2017 13:04:52 EST
Researchers have created an atomic force microscope on a chip, dramatically shrinking the size -- and, hopefully, the price tag -- of a high-tech device commonly used to characterize material properties.
Using 'Scotch tape' and laser beams, researchers craft new material that could improve LED screens
Wed, 15 Feb 2017 12:15:10 EST
Researchers report a new bilayer material, with each layer measuring less than one nanometer in thickness, that someday could lead to more efficient and versatile light emission.
The glow of food dye can be used to monitor food quality
Wed, 15 Feb 2017 12:14:16 EST
Allura Red, a synthetic food and pharmaceutical color widely used within the U.S., boasts special properties that may make it and other food dyes appropriate as sensors or edible probes to monitor foods and pharmaceuticals. A team of researchers recently made this discovery during an extension of their work identifying and characterizing molecules in foods or food ingredients that might provide signals of food quality, stability or safety.
Flashes of Light Offer Potential for Biomedical Diagnostics
Wed, 15 Feb 2017 12:14:14 EST
Researchers were intrigued that living organisms emit small amounts of light resulting during oxidative metabolism, when oxygen is used to create energy by breaking down carbohydrates. The researchers began to think about how detecting this light could have potential for biomedical diagnostics.
New synchrotron powder diffraction facility for long running experiments
Wed, 15 Feb 2017 12:10:29 EST
Synchrotron beamlines and their instruments are built to harness the photon beam power of synchrotron radiation (SR), which has special properties -- ideally suited to providing detailed and accurate structural information that is difficult to obtain from conventional sources.
Deadly spider's unique spinning technique could inspire tougher materials
Wed, 15 Feb 2017 12:10:25 EST
The unique spinning technique used by the venomous American brown recluse spider could inspire scientific developments and improve materials used in space travel, suggest scientists.
Good vibrations help reveal molecular details
Wed, 15 Feb 2017 12:09:47 EST
Scientists have developed a method to obtain structural details on molecules in lipid membranes near gold nanoparticles. Their method, called SABERS, could help researchers who study drug delivery and amyloid interactions implicated in neurodegenerative disease.
A new spin on electronics
Wed, 15 Feb 2017 12:09:43 EST
Modern computer technology is based on the transport of electric charge in semiconductors. But this technology's potential will be reaching its limits in the near future, since the components deployed cannot be miniaturized further. But, there is another option: using an electron's spin, instead of its charge, to transmit information. A team of scientists is now demonstrating how this works.
New economic water-splitting catalyst: Ruthenium-based material
Wed, 15 Feb 2017 10:15:05 EST
Researchers in South Korea have developed an exiting new catalyst -- a ruthenium (Ru)-based material -- that can split water into hydrogen almost as well as platinum can.
Using super resolution imaging to map adherens junction machinery
Wed, 15 Feb 2017 10:15:02 EST
Using super-resolution microscopy, an international research team has revealed, for the first time, how cadherin-based cell-cell contacts are organized.
Is a stretchable smart tablet in our future?
Wed, 15 Feb 2017 10:14:59 EST
Engineering researchers have developed the first stretchable integrated circuit that is made entirely using an inkjet printer, raising the possibility of inexpensive mass production of smart fabric.